Guide to creation of multiple-choice quizzes [and questionnaires] in QuizComposer

Topics:

About filling in the definition form for creation of a multiple-choice quiz [or a questionnaire]

Anonymity

Your username

Your password

HTML name. The name of your multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire]

Names starting with a digit

Image files

Information at top of page

Heading for your multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire]

Introductory text in your multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire]

Hyper Text Markup Language Mathematical formulas in TeX and MathML

Question number or name

The question text

Click-buttons

Optional text answers

Optional text in single line fields

Optional text in multi-line field

Points associated with buttons

Submission of form

Texts copied from another multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire]

Text in front of question numbers or names

Height of multi-line input fields for input of an optional text

Characters after a question number or name

Any comment from answerer to questionnaire author

Button to submit the completed quiz [or questionnaire] Text engraved on the submit button

Browser print icon

Specification of logo

Specification of style for quiz [questionnaire]

Specification of script file

Specification of a conversion table QCTeX->MathML

Text requesting an optional identification for print

Missing identification for a quiz [or questionnaire] answerer

Password missing from a quiz [or questionnaire] answerer

Incorrect name or password

Questionnaire already answered

Checkbox at submit button not checked

Heading for response to quiz [or questionnaire] answerer

Text in front of participants name in response

Introductory text in presentation of result of quiz test [questionnaire survey]

Text in front of sum of simple (unnamed) points

Text in front of sum of distributed (named) points

Heading for optional texts in response to from server to answerer

Message ending response from server

Types of use of a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire]

Create self test quiz [or questionnaire]

Create open multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] with registration of answers

Closed multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] test

Associating an image or document with a quiz [or questionnaire]

Local name for files to be transferred

Transferring a list of participants for a multiple-choice test

Password generation for participants in a multiple-choice test

Submission of e-mails to participants in a multiple-choice test

You probably arrived at this point from the introduction part of a form for definition of a multiple-choice quiz [aor a questionnaire].

You might be wondering why this guide concerns both multiple-choice quizzes and questionnaires. But, in fact, there is only one major difference between multiple-choice quizzes and questionnaires in the QuizComposer system, and in general.

For multiple-choice quizzes and questionnaires alike, there are only two types of answers, namely click on buttons and writing free texts in given entry fields. The buttons normally have associated points constituting the basis of various summations.

Anonymity
Internally in QuizComposer multiple-choice quizzes and questionnaires are treated similarly (and by the same program) apart from the following important difference. In closed questionnaire surveys for a group of registered participants, (for example in a course) the identity of the answerers is not revealed to the organizer of the survey. (When a answerer must only be allowed to answer a questionnaire once it is impossible to avoid creating traces in the server from which the server administrator is able to determine the relation between an answerers internal identity, i.e. her password, and her answer. Thus, it is not possible to garantee to hide the identity of the answerers if the administrator really wants to know this identity. If the organizer of the questionnaire survey and the administrator cooperate they are therefore able to determine which of the participants has delivered a given answer. The participants of a survey can have their anonymity garanteed only by a middleman who gives each participant an identity known only to the middleman. In practice this means that the middleman must create a password for each participant and communicate it to the participant. This procedure of employing a middleman is, however, not possible when QuizComposer is used within a Learning Management System,such as CampusNet, since passwords to the quiz server and questionnaire server from the LMS are then assigned only by the interface program between them.)

In multiple-choice quiz tests, the identity of an answerer is announced to the quiz organizer together with the presentation of the answer.

If this is your first go at filling in such a form it may well be a good idea to create a quiz with only a couple of questions.

Thus, this guide is about multiple-choice quizzes as well as questionnaires. To make it easier to read the parts concerning questionnaires are put in brackets []. Should the text seem tiring to read, it might be a consolation to think that you won't have to read two almost identical texts (assuming you wish to use both multiple-choice quizzes and questionnaires) with the uncomforting feeling of not being quite sure what differences there might be. You might even be inspired to make use of both possibilities.

The following paragraphs each explain the meaning of an input field in the definition form for a multiple-choice quiz [questionnaire].

To create and edit a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] to be used by others on a quiz and questionnaire server you must be registered with an identification. You obtain the identification and password from the person that administrates your server.

If you forget your password, contact the administrator of your quiz and questionnaire server.

In this field you enter the name of the quiz [or questionnaire]. Use ordinary letters a-z and A-Z, digits 0-9 and underline (_) or minus (-) for hyphen. Do not start with underline or minus. Using other characters, for example national characters, will result in an error message, following which you will have to go back and correct he field.

Names starting with a digit
Quizzes with names starting with a digit, 1 say, are not included in lists of quizzes [or questionnaires] presented to potential quiz [or questionnaire] answerers (e.g. course participants). Thus, you can develop draft quizzes [or questionnaires] using names starting with a digit, since such quizzes [or questionnaires] will not be 'announced' publicly. Notice that the use of a digit as the first character in the name of a quiz [or questionnaire] has no influence on wether the quiz [or questionnaire] is publicly accessible on the internet. Accessibility is determined via the type of use of the quiz [or questionnaire], which is defined elsewhere in the definition form.

When the quiz [or questionnaire] definition is later presented to you an extension (.htm or .xml) indicating a property of the quiz [or questionnaire] may have been added to the quiz [or questionnaire] name. You can ignore the extension. Actually, the quiz [or questionnaire] name and the extension together constitute the name of the file containing the quiz [or questionnaire]. For quizzes [or questionnaires] accessible to anybody with access to the quiz [or questionnaire] server, when the quiz [or questionnaire] is presented to you by the browser the name of the quiz [or questionnaire] file is normally displayed in the Location field of the browser. Conversely, if you write the name of the quiz [or questionnaire] file in the Location field (and press the RETURN or ENTER key) the quiz [or questionnaire] will be presented.

A quiz [or questionnaire] may have associated files, for example a file with hints as an aid to answering questions. Such associated files have (with certain exceptions mentioned below) the same name as the quiz [or questionnaire] file, but a different extension. For this reason the quiz [or questionnaire] name is sometimes refered to as the main name. Occasionally the word quiz [or questionnaire] covers the complete collection of files sharing a main name, the quiz [or questionnaire] file included.

Furthermore it is possible to create files associated with a quiz [or questionnaire] without actually creating the quiz [or questionnaire] itself. In this case too we may refer to the collection of associated files as being a quiz [or questionnaire] or more specifically, a pseudo quiz [or questionnaire].

Thus the main part of a file name indicates the quiz [or questionnaire] to which the file is associated. The extension indicates the type of the file.

Image files
Certain associated files, e.g. image files, are placed in in a sub-directory. The main part of the name of such a sub-directory is the main part of the name of the associated quiz [or questionnaire].

This entry field permits you to define a page head with information about the author/owner of the quiz, for example:

Jones Johnson
Jonestreet 1
Jonestown

which will be left justified. If you prefer the text right justified then use:

<div align="right">
<table align="right"><tr><td>Jones Johnson
Jonestreet 1
Jonestown
</table>
</div>

If the quiz belongs to a collection of quizzes, for example for a course, with a common page head possibly containing an image it might be better to to use this possibility. In order to distinguish between these two possibilities for specifying a page head the latter is in short denoted a logo (although it includes informative text).

(For the inexperienced: this entry field can be left blank but by writing something you will learn about its effect on the quiz [or questionnaire]).
The title that you chose for your quiz [or questionnaire] will also be displayed in the upper bar in your browser, when the quiz [or questionnaire] is presented. Concerning the use of special characters such as &, < and > see the section Introductory text ... below.

(For the inexperienced: this entry field can be left blank but by writing something you will learn about its effect on the quiz [or questionnaire]).
Type in the introduction to the quiz [or questionnaire] here. This is one of the entry fields, in which you can write multiple line text. In the resulting quiz [or questionnaire] there will, with one exception, be line breaks (the result of the HTML tag <br />) in the same places as in your text. Line continuation
If the last character on a line is & or \ this line and the following line are regarded as one continuous line with that character left out (i.e. the line break is ignored). If the last character on a line is > this line and the following line are regarded as one continuous line (the line break is ignored).

In the entry field for introductory text you may put one more so-called pick lists.

Hyper Text Markup Language You can type-in HTML elements in this field. For example you can insert an HTML element for inclusion of an image like :
<img src="q/fig1.gif">

In HTML the characters < > have a special meaning when they are followed by non-blanks. The character < will, if followed by a letter or by certain special characters, start an HTML-tag. The first following > normally ends the tag. The character & may be used to indicate a special character or symbol. You can, for example, indicate the character < by &lt; when it should not start a tag. Correspondingly &gt; represents the character >. When the character & should not indicate the start of a special character or symbol you may use &amp;. If in doubt of wether you can write a special character directly just try to do so, then look at the resulting quiz [or questionnaire]. You can, for example, write <= directly.

If you wish to to have a special character displayed as written in your text try to surround it with blanks. Alternatively, prefix it with an &. The quiz server will replace the character pair with the HTML code for the special character in order for the browser to display it as written. For example, &#91; is substituted for &[.

You can read a little more about the the effects of special characters in texts to be displayed in the guide to creating quizzes [or questionnaires].

Not all browsers are able to display all special characters defined internationally or in a de-facto standard such as Unicode.

This entry field, the entry fields for question phrases and the entry filed for text after all questions may contain formulas written i the TeX language (or directly in MathML), see the next paragraph. A quiz [or questionnaire] with such formulas can, however, only be displayed correctly by browsers that can display formulas in MathML.

Mathematical formulas in TeX and MathML
(For the inexperienced: this subject is certainly for experienced authors only).
If this checkbox is clicked the entry fields for the introductory text, the question phrases and the entry filed for text after all questions may contain formulas written as indicated in this guide. The quiz [or questionnaire] will then be generated according to the XHTML standard, which includes the possibility of MathML-elements. Please notice, if you wish to add XHTML-elements, that XHTML, which is based on the XML standard, is much stricter than HTML. For example, in XHTML all tag names must be written in lower case letters (whilst in HTML you may use lower or upper case as you wish). Notice too, that line breaks are written as <br /> and that paragraphs are introduced with <p> and exited by </p> (the <P> in HTML may be written as <p></p>).

Avoid writing for example {a} eller [a] in a formula as such (in fact unnecessary) constructs will be taken to be buttons. Buttons are only permitted outside formulas.

Defining a question
By default this entry field contains the number of each question in succession. You may change the contents of the field to whatever you like, e.g. to a name (or title) for the question or to the HTML for an image or leave the field empty.

Note: in the resulting quiz [or questionnaire] and placed in front of 'the question number' the text that is defined in one of the last fields in the form is displayed. See "Text in front of a question number". Obviously, you should alter this text if you do not use ordinary numbering, or you may delete it completely.

If you wish to alter the order of the questions you must shuffle the numbers in two or more of the first short field among the fields for each question.

(For the inexperienced: you could copy the the example shown to the entry field via cut and paste, i.e. by sweeping over the text with the cursor, typing c with CTRL pressed down, clicking the entry field and typing v with CTRL pressed down. You might also try the example with braces replaced by brackets, that is radio buttons instead of checkbox buttons ).

Only two types of questions are permitted in a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire], namely questions to be answered by clicking a button and questions to be answered with optional text.

Note, the brace characters { and } and bracket characters [ and ] have a special meaning in a question text. As detailed in the following a single letter or a %-character in a brace is replaced by a radio button in the resulting quiz [or questionnaire]. Likewise a single letter or a %-character in a bracket is replaced by a checkbox button in the resulting quiz [or questionnaire].

Click-buttons
You can use either radio buttons or checkbox buttons in a question.

Among the radio buttons in a question only one can be clicked. A radio button is represented in the question phrase by a brace containing either a single lower case letter (a-z) or a %-character and nothing else (no blanks either), e.g. {a} or {%}. All buttons must be indicated in the same manner with either a letter or %. The letters must be taken in alphabetical order, see the section below concerning association of points to buttons. The %-character is replaced by the ordinal number of the button in the question (with the %-character prefixed).

In a question with checkbox buttons more than one button can be clicked. A checkbox button is represented by a bracket containing either a single lower case letter (a-z) or a %-character and nothing else (no blanks either), e.g. [a] or [%]. Otherwise the same conditions hold as for radio buttons.

Optional text answers
There are two kinds of questions to be answered with optional text, viz. questions to be answered in a multi-line entry field and questions to be answered in one or more single line fields.

Optional text in single line fields
The text for a question to be answered in one or more single line fields must not contain any brace with a single lower case letter or %-character. Each field is specified with a bracket containing a number indicating the length of the entry field, i.e. the number of visible characters. An example of such a question is:
Your first name [8] and family name [10]

The entry fields for single line texts (as well as the entry field for the introductory text) may contain one or more so-called pick lists. A pick list is specified by a brace containing a sequence of character strings separated by question marks. The following is an example of the specification of a pick list:
{H2O?NaCl?H2SO4?CO2}.

Each pick list will in the quiz be presented as a scrolled list box, for example:
.

The answerer picks an element in a pick list by clicking it. A character string thus picked can be pasted into any entry field for an answer in the quiz [questionnaire] by clicking the entry field. Optional text in multi-line field
The text for a question to be answered in a multi-line entry field may contain neither a brace with a single lower case letter or %-character nor a bracket with a number.

The question text starts just after the question number. If you want the question to start on the next line then start with an empty line. This is a multiple-line text and your line breaks in the text will be retained, except as mentioned previously.
If you prefer the answer field, if any, to be placed on the next line you should end the question text with a line break.

You can also use HTML elements in the question text; see comments above on the introductory text.

Only for questions with radio buttons. Thus not for questions to be answered with optional text. The entry field may specify points to be summed up as a result of answering the quiz [or questionnaire]. (For the inexperienced: you could copy the the example shown to the entry field via cut and paste and press ENTER - or click the submit button further down - unless you want to define more questions).

You may leave the entry field empty. If not empty the entry field must contain one element for each button in the question phrase. The elements are separated by one or more blanks. The first element corresponds to the radio button represented by {a}, te second element with the button represented by {b}, and so on alphabetically, see specification of radio buttons above.

An element is composed of one or more sub-elements separated by commas. An element may not contain any blanks (ofcourse). A sub-element is either a simple number, posibly headed by a + or - sign, or it is a name followed by a number headed by a + or - sign. Examples of elements are:
12
+100
xxx+10
10,StepDancer+100
5,pop+20,rock-3

A button, when clicked, contributes to the point sums as specified by the sub-elements in the associated element. A sub-element in the form of a simple number (e.g. 117) contributes to a simple unnamed total sum. A sub-element in the form of a named number e.g. a+4) contributes to a named total sum having that name (here a). For example the last of the examples above will contribute 5 to the unnamed total sum, 20 to the total sum named pop and -3 to the total sum rock. (To visualize the usefulness of named point sums imagine a switchboard with rows of red and green buttons where it might be necessary to know how many of each color have been pressed apart from the total number pressed).

A name in a sub-element may be written with lower or upper case letters, digits and underscore only.

No longer valid: You can use this entry field to give the answerer any kind of information you like. You could, for example, in this field assemble surplus information or explanations to which you can refer from the question phrases. Such a reference can take the form:

<A href="#pos1">#</A>,

where pos1 denotes a reference point specified thus:

<a name="pos1">

Clicking this button will send your form to the server for handling and unless there is an error in your quiz [or questionnaire] definition, the quiz [or questionnaire] will be displayed. Answer the quiz [or questionnaire] and submit it whereby you will recieve a response from the server. If you have associated points with buttons the response will contain point sums. The response will contain phrases specified in some of the input fields at the end of the definition form. You can replace these phrases with others according to preference. If a phrase in such an input field is void the point sum or whatever associated with the phrase will be left out.

Notice the possibility of changing the phrases into any language.

Answers to a quiz [or questionnaire] by the quiz [or questionnaire] owner him- or herself are only registered when the a quiz [or questionnaire] is of the type "open with registration" (since the identity of the answerer will then be unknown). It is often convenient to work with such quizzes [or questionnaires] as drafts because the register will be deleted when the quiz [or questionnaire] is deleted. Its a good idea to let the name of the quiz [or questionnaire] start with a digit. Before deleting remember to create a copy of the quiz [or questionnaire] with another name (and to associate any image files with this final quiz [or questionnaire] rather than the draft).

Instead of searching for and clicking the submit button, it is often easier to click the nearest single line entry field and press ENTER.
Texts are copied from the indicated multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] when the new quiz [or questionnaire] and its definition file is created (as a result of clicking the button for submitting the definition form). The texts can be seen in the new quiz [or questionnaire] and in the new definition form.

Notice that text in multi-line fields cannot be copied from one quiz [or questionnaire] to another.

Above the question number field options are described. Insert in the current entry field any short text that you may want in front of the question number (or whatever), Question, Quest. or Frage nummer, for example.
You may also leave the entry field empty.

Change the value displayed if you want another number of lines in such fields in your quiz [or questionnaire].

Write in the sign that you want after the question number or name. Period (.) or colon (:), or if you need a space between this character and the question text, write &nbsp;. If you want a new line write <BR>. You may leave the entry field empty if, for example, you use images etc. instead of question numbers or names.

Here you write a title for a field where the quiz [or questionnaire] answerers have the option to send their comments to you by e-mail. However, this option may not be used if your "account" on the quiz [or questionnaire] server does not allow comments from the answerers. In this case, the comments field won't appear in your quizzes [or questionnaires] and the title is without importance.

If this field is left empty, your quiz [or questionnaire] will not contain a field for comments to you.

Please note in general, that the comments of the answerers, for security reasons, will be filtered for special characters, so only letters, digits, hyphens, comma and period will get through to you.

You write here the text that will be in front of/over the button with which the answerers submit their answers to the quiz and questionnaire server for evaluation.

Write here the text to be displayed on the window button which the answerers click to submit their answers to the quiz and questionnaire server.

Questionnaire answerers may like to know that their browser's print icon will print-out a copy of the form, complete with answers.

Using a form accessible from the page listing your quizzes etc. you can define a logo and associate it with a quiz (or questionnaire). You can also define a common logo. Logos are placed at the start of a quiz/questionnaire.

In the current entry field of the definition form you can write the name of a quiz (or a questionnaire) with an associated logo. If the entry field is empty and the quiz being defined has an associated logo, that logo is used. Otherwise if a common logo has been defined, that is used, and else, QuizComposers logo.

If, previously, you have defined one or more logos according to the description below (which is no longer valid) you should associate each of these logos with its quiz (or a questionnaire). The logos can be copied from the source of the quizzes [questionnaires] and from the page listing your quizzes etc (viz. "Files associated with ...").

You can place a style specification in your quiz [questionnaire] or (unless you are creating a trial quiz [questionnaire]) a reference to a file containing a style specification. Such specifications are called "style sheets", more exactly "Cascading Style Sheets" or CSS. Amongst other things, these specifications may describe the size, shape and colour of the quiz [or questionnaire] texts.

Clicking the browser button "View" and selecting "Page Source" (or similar) will reveal the the source text of a quiz [questionnaire]. You will see that the texts of the quiz [or questionnaire] are surrounded by HTML tags <DIV> and </DIV> , <SPAN> and </SPAN>. You might notice as well, that after DIV and SPAN there's written class="xxx". The xxx is a so-called property name. When the quiz [or questionnaire] is screened, your browser searches for a CSS and retrieves the specification for an element with a property name and how it should be displayed.

Using a form accessible from the page listing your quizzes etc. you can define a CSS and associate it with a quiz (or questionnaire). You can also define a common CSS.

In the current entry field of the definition form you can write the name of a quiz (or a questionnaire) with an associated CSS. If the entry field is empty and the quiz being defined has an associated CSS, that CSS is used. Otherwise if a common CSS has been define, that CSS is used, and else, the standard CSS for QuizComposer.

In your quiz [questionnaire] you can (unless it is a trial quiz [questionnaire]) insert a link to a script with program code in written in JavaScript. You may then write, in the introduction field, the question fields and the post-question text field (epilogue), single lines in program code that use variables and functions defined in the script or script file. Such lines must be enclosed in HTML tags <script> and </script>.

You define a script and its association to a quiz/questionnaire with a form to which you have access via the page listing your quizzes etc.

In the current entry field of the definition form you can write the name of a quiz (or questionnaire) with an associated script to which a link should be created. If the entry field is empty and if the quiz being defined has an associated script a link to that script is created. Otherwise, if a common script has been defined, a link to that script is created.

Following a space after the name of a quiz (or questionnaire) with an associated script you can write any comment. If the field contains the word on_submit the script is expected to contain a function with that name and with a parameter for the form element of the quiz form. The function could, for example, perform a check of the the values entered into the fields of the quiz form. An example of a simple on_submit function (with no checking) is:

function on_submit(form) { alert("By clicking OK you submit " + form.htmlfile.value ) } The function will be called when the answerer submits the quiz. If the return value of the function call is false the browser will not send the quiz [questionnaire] answer to the server.

About QCTeX->MathML, see this guide.

Via the page listing your quizzes etc. you can have a form presented with which you can define a conversion table QCTeX->MathML. The table can be common for your quizzes or be associated with a quiz.

If, in the current entry field, you write the name of a quiz with an associated conversion table the quiz being defined will be created using this table. If the quiz is defined as containing mathematical formulas and the entry field is empty the quiz will be compiled with its associated table, if such a table exists. Otherwise, the quiz will be compiled with a common conversion table, if such a table has been defined. Or else the quiz will be compiled with the standard conversion table for QuizComposer.

Enter the text by which a quiz [or questionnaire] answerer is prompted for an optional text, by wich she or he can identify her own quiz [or questionnaire] reply be it on screen or on print. This may be practical when printing quiz [or questionnaire] replies on a printer used by many. The identification is also included in a response from the server to a self-test quiz [or questionnaire] in an open quiz [or questionnaire] test (i.e. a test in which the questionnaires can be answered by anybody). In a closed quiz test [or questionnaire survey], i.e. a test with quizzes [or questionnaires] to be answered only by participants registered with an identification the prompt is not included in the quiz [or questionnaire].

Enter the message to be presented for an answerer if the identification is missing in the form to be filled in by the answerer in order to get access to a quiz [or questionnaire] in a closed quiz test [or questionnaire survey] (i.e. a test [survey] with a quiz [questionnaire] to be answered only by participants registered with an identification).

Enter the message to be presented for an answerer if the password is missing in the form to be filled in by the answerer in order to get access to a quiz [or questionnaire] in a closed test (i.e. a test with a quiz [or questionnaire] to be answered only by participants registered with an identification).

Enter the message to be presented for an answerer if the identification or password is incorrect in the form to be filled in by the answerer in order to get access to a quiz [or questionnaire] in a closed test [survey] (i.e. a test [survey] with a quiz [questionnaire] to be answered only by participants registered with an identification).

Enter the message to be displayed to an answerer who has already answered the quiz [or questionnaire] if this can only be answered once.

Enter the message to be displayed to a participant who forgot to click checkbox at submit button before submitting form.

Enter the heading for the presentation of results (point sums) in responses from the server to answerers. The heading will be followed by the name of the quiz [or questionnaire].

If the entry field is empty the response will contain no heading and no quiz [or questionnaire] name.

Enter any text to be displayed in front of the answerers identification name in responses to answerers.

If the entry field is empty the response will contain no heading and no quiz [or questionnaire] name.

Enter a text to be included as an introduction in the presentation of results (point sums) in the response from the server to the answerer. For example, the text could contain an explanation of any sum or sums following the text.

You could also place such explanations in the final message, to be specified in one of the following entry fields.

If the entry field is empty the response will contain no introductory text in the response.

Write the text to be placed in front of the sum of unnamed points if this sum is to be presented to the quiz [or questionnaire] answerer. The standard text presented in the entry field is primarily used by the quiz [or questionnaire] author when checking out the quiz [or questionnaire]. Probably the text should be different when used in responses to quiz [or questionnaire] answerers.

If the entry field is empty the response will display no sum of unnamed points.

Write the text to be placed in front of the sums of named points if such sums are to be presented to the quiz [or questionnaire] answerer. The standard text presented in the entry field is primarily used by the quiz [or questionnaire] author when checking out the quiz [or questionnaire]. Probably the text should be different when used in responses to quiz [or questionnaire] answerers.

If the entry field is empty the response will display no sums of named points.

Enter any text to be displayed above a list showing the name or number of a question and the the contribution from the answer to the point sums, i.e. the element in the specification of points associated with the button clicked. by the answerer. The to parts in each element of the list are separated by a colon. The list is sorted in alphabetical/lexicographic order by question number or name.

If the entry field is empty no list is presented.

Enter the text to be displayed above the list of optional text answers to be presented to the quiz [or questionnaire] answerer. Each element in the list shows the name or number of a question which is to be answered with an optional text followed by a colon and the answer.

If the entry field is empty optional text answers are not presented.

Den tekst, der skrives her, afslutter pręsentationen af evalueringen af besvarelsen.

Er feltet tomt medtages ingen afsluttende meddelelse i tilbagemeldingen.

When defining (or re-defining) a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] you must indicate how it is to be used. You can choose between four types of use:

  • private, only you, the quiz [or questionnaire] owner will have access to the quiz [or questionnaire] and can answer it
  • self test, see below
  • open quiz test [or questionnaire survey] with registration of answers, see below
  • closed quiz test [or questionnaire survey] for registered participants, see below
(For the inexperienced: choose open quiz test [or questionnaire survey] with registration of answers, then skip to the entry field "Name of quiz [or questionnaire] to (re-)define", read the instruction there)
Within certain limits you can alter the type of use of the multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] by opening its definition form, stating the new type of use and re-submitting the form. However, the type of use cannot be altered when a register for answers has been created and to delete a register you must delete the quiz [or questionnaire] itself (non-course authors have for the time being another option, which will be removed at some point in time).

But in fact it is really very easy to create a new quiz [or questionnaire]. In the definition form, simply write the name of the new quiz [or questionnaire], change the type of use (and possibly any other entry fields) and re-submit the form. You then have two quizzes [or questionnaires] which differ only as indicated by the changes (and possibly any associated files containing images or other objects, thus take special care when deleting a quiz [or questionnaire] from which a copy has been made).

You can define a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] as being accessible and answerable by anybody with access to the quiz and questionnaire server and with the distinctive feature that no answers are registered. The quiz [or questionnaire] is then called a self test quiz [or questionnaire], that is, a quiz [or questionnaire] with which an answerer can test his/her level of knowledge on some subject without the answer being registered. (An 'open' quiz [or questionnaire], descibed below, shares the property with a self test quiz [or questionnaire] that it can be answered by anybody, but the answers are registered).

When the quiz [or questionnaire] is displayed as the result of submitting its definition form you should notice the address in the Location field at the top of the browser window. Answerers must state the same same address in the same field to have the quiz [or questionnaire] presented to them.

Other types of use of a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] are stated above (and below).

You can change the type of use of a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] from "open" or "closed" to "self test" by simply redefining its type of use. The register of answers (meanwhile) remains unchanged.

You can define a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] as being accessible and answerable by anybody with access to the quiz and questionnaire server but such that all answers are registered. (A self test quiz [or questionnaire] described above, shares with open multiple-choice quizzes [or questionnaires] the property of being accessible to anybody but answers are not registered).

Such an 'open quiz test [or questionnaire survey]' is expected to run for at most 30 days An answer may thus be deleted from the register after 30 days because a new answer is being registered under the same identifier. (If you wish to extend such a quiz [or questionnaire] you must copy the answers for each 30 day period to your own computer).

The identity of an answerer is never revealed to the quiz [or questionnaire] owner (or organizer). You can thus never see who has submitted a given answer unless the person has revealed him- or herself through the answer to a question.

When the quiz [or questionnaire] is displayed as the result of submitting its definition form you should notice the address in the Location field at the top of the browser window. Answerers must state the same same address in the same field to have the quiz [or questionnaire] presented to them.

The answers can be viewed via a form to which you have access via a button on the page listing your quizzes and questionnaires. You remove the register containing answers by removing the quiz [or questionnaire] via a general form for removing quizzes and questionnaires which you can access via a button on the page listing your quizzes and questionnaires (before removing a quiz [or questionnaire] you might consider creating a copy of it as described above).

Other types of use of a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] are stated above (and below).

The definition form of the quiz [or questionnaire] must indicate its use as being for a closed test.

When belonging to a course, if no participant list has been defined already for the quiz [or questionnaire], such a list must be defined via a button on the page listing the quizzes and questionnaires for the course.

If you are a non-course author you must define a participant list for each closed quiz [or questionnaire]. Utilize a button on the page listing your quizzes and questionnaires.

A participant on a course will when logging in to the course be presented with a link to the quiz [or questionnaire].

All other registered participants get access to a closed multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] via this form. This form can be accessed from a special page for answerers to which there is a link on the front page for the current quiz and questionnaire server.

The answers can be viewed via a form to which you have access via a button on the page listing your quizzes and questionnaires. You remove the register containing answers by removing the quiz [or questionnaire] via a general form for removing quizzes and questionnaires which you can access via a button on the page listing your quizzes and questionnaires (before removing a quiz [or questionnaire] you might consider creating a copy of it as described above).

As mentioned above the following is true of questionnaire surveys: In presentations of answers the identity of answerers is never disclosed to the questionnaire organizer (most often the author). Thus you can never see who has submitted a given reply unless that person has identified himself via an answer to a question.

Other types of use of a multiple-choice quiz [or questionnaire] are stated above.

By writing in the introduction or in a question phrase, but outside an HTML element, a string of characters like abc.gif, for example, you specify that an image is to be inserted at that place. The first time you submit the definition you will be presented with a form which prompts you for an image file on your computer. The file must have the format you stated, in this case GIF. A copy of the file will be created on the server with the name abc.gif. It is associated with the quiz being defined.

Other permitted image file extensions are .png, .jpg and .swf corresponding to the PNG, JPEG and ShockWave formats, respectively.

Assume that the quiz to which the image abc.gif is associated has the name q1. Suppose you want to include the same image in another quiz, say q2, without associating an image file with q2. You can do so by writing q1/abc.gif in the definition of q2 (outside any HTML element). Notice however, that the quiz will have a broken image in q2 if q1 is non-existent, for example because it has been deleted. However, this feature offers the possibility of associating a collection of image files with a "fake" quiz, a library, which may have some advantages.

By writing in the introduction or in a question phrase, but outside an HTML element, a string of characters like xyz.pdf or xyz.txt, you indicate that a link to a document file is to be inserted at that place. The first time you submit the definition you will be presented with a form which prompts you for an text file having the format indicated by the extension, in these cases PDF (Portable Document Format) or simple unformatted text, respectively. A copy of the document file will be created on the server with the name you stated. The copy is associated with the quiz being defined.

There is currently no form for deleting an associated image or document. If you wish to associate with an existing quiz a new image or document file with an already used name like abc.gif or xyz.pdf apply the form mentioned in the next paragraph. You could instead use a new image or link name in the definition form and be prompted for a new associated file when submitting the form. Notice that it is easy to create a copy of an existing quiz. Just open the definition form of the latter and enter a new name in the first entry field. You will be promted for associated files, if any. By deleting the original quiz you'll get rid of the superfluous associated files. Please also see examples.

Document files to be transferred are either simple (unformatted) or in PDF-format. When a document file, say tf.txt or tf.pdf, has been transferred your quizzes can contain references formatted in HTML such as:
<a href="q/tf.txt">xxx</a> or
<a href="q/tf.pdf">xxx</a>
Here q is the name of the quiz and xxx is a text of your own choice. You can add further attributes to such references.

Likewise you can include an image with an HTML element like:
<img src="q/flag.png" alt="Flag here" >
which will render the text "Flag here" if no quiz q exists or if no image flag.png is associated with q.

If you wish the image to have a width and height of your own choice write abc.gif_w_h where w and h are integers specifying the width and height in pixels of the image, respectively.

It's important that you to specify the correct name for a file to be transferred. If there is a BROWSE...button (or similar) after the entry field then use this button. If there is an error in the specification, e.g. a surplus of blank spaces, nothing will be transferred and an error message (if any) will be displayed.

If a transferred file has an incorrect content, it may just show up in the quiz [or questionnaire] as an x or suchlike.

A multiple-choice test [questionnaire survey] may only be answered by the participants on a list placed in a file. This list is specified in an entry field, in plain text and with one participant per line. The line contains for each participant a name and a unique (and not easely guessed) password separated by a space, nothing else. Empty lines will be ignored. Any lines that do not meet these criteria will generate an error message, but only for the first of them and registration will not be completed properly.

Each participant is in the test [questionnaire survey] identified by her/his password which must therefore be unique within the test [questionnaire survey]. The password must consist of a sequence of letters and digits.

The name of the participant is included in the quiz [questionnaire] when it is presented to be answered. The name identifies the participants answer in the presentation of answers from all participants, but only in tests. In questionnaire surveys the answerer is anonymous.

Apart from the list, the name of the quiz [questionnaire] must be specified in the usual manner, e.g. xqz.htm or just xqz.

The passwords are 6 character hexadecimal numbers generated using a random number generator. They are ofcourse different but they are not checked for 'nearness of keystrokes'. However, since the participant identifications too are unique a participant must make at least two typos to unintentinally use another participants identity. If this is not sufficiently safe use identifications which differ more from each other.

Remember to clear the password generation checkbox after use.

Extraordinary caution is advised when using this facility. Or else the result could be a lot of time wasted by you and the recievers of your message. You could, for example, send the message to yourself only by operating with a participant list containing no other e-mail address than your own. Furthermore it is important that your own text is correct and that it refers in a clear and consistent way to the information added to the end of the text. Timing too is important. Consider carefully at which time you should send the message (i.e. click the submit button) in relation to the date and hour in which you make the quiz [or questionnaire] accessible.